Cory Chisel and the Wild Rovers Tour backed by the Candles did a three-hour set that paid tribute to Elvis, Sun Records, the city of Memphis, and Gus's fried chicken at various points. Jones played keyboards on the first set, waving away fans who came to the stage to take her picture, so as not to steal the spotlight. Chisel and the band were terrific. So was Jones, who was featured on three songs and sang or played backup on others. Her appearance was leaked on Twitter but not widely publicized in the concert billing.
Class act, classy concert.
To summarize: went camping, went for solo hike, packed bear spray, encountered mountain lion, lived to write the tale. Oh, you and Mom might want to hold off reading this because it might spoil your visit out here.
Katy takes seriously the "Outside" magazine motto "live bravely." I live cautiously, hike on well-worn trails, and like my recreational activities on lined courts and playing fields. That is not the Montana way.
Two weeks ago, Katy, 26 years old and a three-year Montana resident, went for a hike to the top of the Hogback Ridge Trail in remote western Montana.
"Once the trail became more forested I began shouting and clapping regularly, once or twice a minute to ward off potential threats. I wasn't feeling scared or in danger, just taking standard precautions to avoid an unwanted encounter. I hoped to see a moose or maybe a bear from a safe distance, like on the hill across the ravine. When the trail got steeper and my breathing picked up I still made sure to make whooping noises and 'hey bear' calls. I told myself not to fall into a sense of security just because I was almost to the top of the ridge. Bears can go high, too.
"At the ridgeline I stopped for about ten seconds to take in the view and spotted a large rockslide on the mountain to my right and more forest to my left. Eager for a better view, I kept walking. That's when I saw it — a mountain lion nestled in the rocks about 25 yards in front of me. I froze. The cat stood up as soon as it saw me and took a step forward. My immediate instinct was to turn and run, which I did. I had only gone a few steps when I looked back and saw it chasing after me and gaining quickly. The thought flashed through my mind: if I don't stop and face this thing it is going to attack me. I had to show it that I wasn't scared, even though every part of me was telling me otherwise.
"So I did what I never thought I would have the courage or instinct to do. I turned around, grabbed my bear spray, faced the lion with my arms spread wide and let out a giant roar. The lion stopped in its tracks just ten yards from me. Then we had a stare-down for what seemed like ten minutes but was probably more like 10-15 seconds. Neither of us moved as I looked into its dark eyes, hoping to intimidate it. The lion flinched, which reminded me I needed to do something or risk it making the first move. I again spread my arms as wide as I could and roared at the top of my lungs to seem as big and scary as possible. It worked. The lion turned and ran away, disappearing behind the rocks.
"I didn't waste a second to turn and run the other way, but my head was still turned to where I last saw the lion. I ran as fast as I could down the steep, rocky trail, roaring loudly and watching my back. I knew mountain lions are stealthy hunters so in no way did I feel safe yet. I feared the cat might have turned back in my direction looking for its next meal. The thought injected pure terror and adrenalin into my system as I sprinted rock-dodging and roaring down the trail.
"After several minutes I came to a spot where the trail turned through the woods back to the trailhead, but I wanted a more direct and open route. Too many objects for a cat to be crouching behind and limbs to be creeping on top of. Ahead of me the mountain side was grassy and exposed and I knew it would still lead me back to the homestead. So I took off over ankle-breaking rocks and a steep grade as fast I could. The hill seemed to go on forever. I spotted the roof of the cabin in the distance but I couldn't stop looking behind me every few seconds. I still let out a roar every now and then, picturing the cat crouched in the tall grass beside me, tracking my scent. I wasn't in the clear yet, and I wouldn't be until I was on the other side of the door of the cabin.
"I lunged forward clumsily over rocks and loose dirt. The cabin didn't seem to be getting any closer and I was getting tired, frustrated, and wobbly-legged with fear. I finally reached a flat stretch of land before the dirt road leading to the cabin. From the hillside it had looked like a short stretch, but at the base it seemed much longer. When I reached the dirt road I charged into a full-on sprint for the last 50 yards. I lunged up the stairs, barged through the door and bent over gasping for breath. I was safe. I was alive. But I nervously watched out the windows expecting to see the lion glaring back in at me."
The barest outline of the story was "leaked" to us by Katy's brother, who also lives in Montana, and suggested we might want to wait until the end of our trip, if ever, to get the first-hand account. It was a story too scary for comfort but too exciting not to tell. So on the last night of our visit, eating pizza in a Missoula restaurant next to a wall decorated with the hide of a mountain lion, she handed me three folded sheets of paper.
"Read this when you want to," she said.
I read it on the plane flying home to Memphis. My wife hasn't read it yet. Katy is off on a six-day float trip of the Salmon River in Idaho, in back country inhabited by elk, deer, bears, and mountain lions.
Second question: what, if anything, should the University of Memphis do to become more like its old rival, Louisville, which is in the preseason Top 10 in football and is graduating to the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) next year? In basketball, Louisville reported an astonishing $42 million in revenue in men's basketball in 2011-2012 — nearly six times as much as Memphis. And this was the year BEFORE winning the NCAA tournament.
Some perspective first from Wren Baker, deputy athletic director at University of Memphis. As is often the case with well-intentioned disclosure mandates, the reporting from different colleges and universities to the U.S. Department of Education is "highly inconsistent." Some (including Memphis) were told to make expenses and revenues balance, but DOE didn't get around to everyone. Baker, who was athletic director at a previous employer in Oklahoma, said including or excluding a major fundraising campaign such as the $7 million Tiger Scholarships in basketball makes a huge difference. Generally speaking, he said, expenses are a more reliable figure than reported revenue. Basketball revenue is probably understated, while football revenue is overstated.
Duke, Cincinnati, Louisville, and South Florida made money. Connecticut and Central Florida lost money, and the rest, including Memphis, reported breaking even or virtually even.
Not surprisingly, the gap between the elites and the struggling teams in Division 1-A such as Memphis is huge — the bigs spend two or three times as much and make tens of millions of dollars in profits. The only Top 10 team on the Memphis schedule this year is Louisville, which is the model for Memphis as it attempts to be a breakout program. Memphis has enough ingredients — big stadium, southern location, Top 50 television market, major-league status, wealthy boosters — to sustain, as Frederick Exley wrote in "A Fan's Notes," the illusion that fame is possible.
The figures from the U.S. Department of Education are for the 2011-2012 academic year. Expenses come first, followed by revenues and, in some cases, a comment or two.
Memphis: $12,983,962, $12,983,962. Tigers spend and earn $7.5 million on men's basketball.
Duke: $20,480,154, $25,373,768. Duke spent $16 million and earned $25.6 million on bball.
Middle Tennessee: $7,629,932, $7,629,932.
Arkansas State: $4,341,626, $4,341,626. Under former coach Hugh Freeze, Tigers' nemesis did more with less than just about anyone.
Central Florida: $13,636,867, $12,211,638. Lost money.
Houston: $8,250,249, $8,250,249. Also-ran and relatively small spender in a big wealthy market in Texas.
SMU: $13,163,600, $13,163,599. Not a typo, the Mustangs lost a buck.
Cincinnati: $12,594,857, $15,322,430. Money maker.
Tennessee-Martin: $2,599,061, $2,699,094. Low budget Division 1-AA school made $100,000.
South Florida: $12,609,350, $16,832,236. Nice profit in crowded Florida market.
Louisville: $18,769,539, $23,756,955. Not bad, but men's basketball made $42.4 million on $15.4 million spending.
Temple: $16,961,995, $16,961,995.
U. Conn: $14,445,521, $12,910,583. Lost money playing some big boys.
CORRECTION: An earlier version of this post gave the wrong location for the University of South Florida in Tampa.
Alabama is also the biggest spender in the Top 10, according to data from the U.S. Department of Education's website on spending in college athletics. The Crimson Tide spent almost $37 million on football and earned $82 million. Not bad, but not best either. The University of Texas, which didn't make the preseason Top 10, had revenue of $103,813,684, while Michigan had $85,209,247. Notre Dame, which is ranked 11th and lost to Alabama in the 2013 national championship game, earned $68,986,659 and is a football independent.
Most bang for the buck? That would be Georgia and Florida, each with more than $3 in revenue for every $1 spent. Most likely to improve this season? That would be Texas A&M and quarterback Johnny Manziel, the newest member of the Southeastern Conference, which earned a paltry $44 million last year.
(The University of Memphis reported football expenses of $12,983,962, balancing out revenue of $12,983,962. The only Top 10 team on the schedule this year is Louisville.)
Here's the Top 10, with expenses and revenues in parentheses. Remember, football players are student athletes and academics comes first.
1. Alabama ($36,918,963, $81,993,762)
2. Ohio State ($34,026,871, $58,112,270)
3. Oregon ($20,240,213, $51,921,731)
4. Stanford ($18,738,731, $25,564,646)
5. Georgia ($22,710,140, $74,989,418)
6. Texas A&M ($17,929,882, $44,420,762)
7. South Carolina ($22,063,216, $48,065,096)
8. Clemson ($23,652,472, $39,207,780)
9. Louisville ($18,769,539, $23,756,955)
10. Florida ($23,045,846, $74,117,435)
On Wednesday Facebook stock hit $36.80, just below its initial public offering price of $38 but well above its September 2012 low of $17.73. As much of a lemming as the next person, I bought 25 shares at slightly over $37 bucks with no commission thanks to my 50 free trades at my discount broker. If l live to the biblical three score and ten I should make some money if this isn't a fad.
Penny wise and pound foolish? Maybe. Facebook was $26 a week ago. But that was before I added four new friends to my list that previously included only my son and daughter, who rarely post anything the old man can see anyway.
I prefer to believe my decision moved the market.previously dissed Facebook as a stock and a pasttime. I unfriended a friend, then refriended her and was rewarded with this photograph of an unusual yoga pose. And I see that George Will, the columnist, is on Facebook, although he has only followers and no friends, and offers only his college pedigree and no funky family vacation photos. His approach, like his picture, seems as sensible as most of his columns. He probably grinds his teeth whenever he posts to his Facebook page, which he has not done since May.
But if I see a picture of him doing a flower-your-butt yoga pose I'm doubling down on my investment.
That number includes 200 first-year teachers and 150 second-year teachers, said Athena Turner, executive director of Teach For America Memphis. An additional 250 TFA alumni are working in the Memphis area, the majority of them in teaching positions, she said. Memphis is one of the Top Ten TFA locales in the country.
"Education reform is the reason," said Turner, a member of the 2006 TFA Memphis corps.
She said Memphis ranks somewhere between Number 10 and Number 20 in preferred placement for prospective corps members, behind such favorites as New York, Chicago, and San Francisco among others.
The Walton Family Foundation announced this week that it is investing up to $2.7 million in Teach for America in Memphis — the first such investment in Memphis by the Arkansas-based foundation. The money will be used to recruit and train nearly 4,000 new teachers. TFA has clout in Tennessee, with alumni including Tennessee Education Commissioner Kevin Huffman and Achievement School District Superintendent Chris Barbic and a growing number of charter and non-traditional schools. For the first time, TFA Memphis did its summer training in Memphis and boarded corps members at the University of Memphis this year.
"It was a good bonding experience for them and the full-time staff," said Turner.
Only two corps members will be teaching in legacy Shelby County schools, one at Millington High School and one at Lucy Elementary. One corps member is placed at academic powerhouse White Station High School but is teaching in the traditional as opposed to the optional program.
TFA Memphis plans to have 250 new corps members each year starting in 2014.
The scores got generally positive notices from officials of the state Department of Education and the unified Shelby County School System. Scores increased for the majority of school districts in Tennessee in nearly every subject. In its last year of independence, Memphis City Schools showed increased proficiency in math, science, and social studies. The legacy Shelby County School system did the same, and also improved in reading.
But “improved” or "increased" compared to what? The scoring system — the curve for those of you in the education game — changed a couple of years ago, making long-term comparisons impossible. There are new subgroups of schools, such as the Achievement School District and the Innovation Zone (I confess to not knowing there was such a thing). Apples to apples has become apples to oranges to bananas to mangoes to papayas. And scores for individual schools, including public charter schools, have not been released yet.
More on that in a minute, but first the official statements.
“Sustained improvements across the state show that our efforts to raise student outcomes are working,” said Education Commissioner Kevin Huffman. “Our students, teachers, and administrators worked incredibly hard. The results prove that if we continue to maintain high expectations and quality support for our teachers, our students will continue to grow.”
David Stephens, deputy superintendent for the Shelby County Schools, was more restrained. Legacy MCS and legacy SCS districts both earned an overall Level 5 rating for student growth - the highest level of growth possible. In grades 3-8 Reading/Language Arts, legacy MCS showed a slight decrease (-0.4), while legacy SCS showed a slight increase (+1.1). The details are here.
“We realize that we still have work to do, but are very pleased with these accomplishments, especially in the midst of a school year involving the merging of two systems. The results are proof that our teachers and leaders continued to effectively advance student achievement in the classrooms, while adjusting to changes at the district level and preparing for a unified district."
Statewide, 30 districts saw double-digit gains in Algebra I, some gaining more than 25 percentage points. More than 50 districts saw double-digit gains in Algebra II, some reporting growth over 40 percentage points.
Such gains are cause for inspection as well as celebration because they are probably due to a major change in the test-taking population or a small sample, which magnifies the change. If such a thing were replicable on a large scale, then the wizards who did it would be running every public and private education outfit in the country.
In Memphis, the seven Innovation Zone schools, which are hard cases like the ASD schools, showed an increase in proficiency from the previous year (Math +10, Reading +2.4, Science +13.4, Social Studies +11.9) that was at a higher rate than the state and the ASD.
Credit where credit is due, but the focus on small groups of schools at a time when the biggest school system merger in American history is nigh seems, well, curious.
Congratulations to all those who did better. But determining "better" these days is a little bit like making up a football schedule. If you can't find someone somewhere you can beat somehow then you're not trying very hard.
Tennessee has no state income tax and Memphis has no local payroll tax. To raise money, Memphis must increase the highest sales tax rate in the country or the highest property tax rate in the state. Both the Memphis City Council and Shelby County Commission raised property taxes this year.
The jock tax costs players a maximum of $7,500 a year. According to the fiscal note on the 2009 legislation, the total tax on NBA and NHL players this year is about $3.5 million, about half what Mike Miller will make next year when he returns to the Grizzlies.
Grizzlies fans pay a tax on seats, tickets, and concessions that helps pay the cost of the arena.
Tony Allen, who signed a new contract with the Grizzlies paying him $5 million a year, was in Nashville to oppose it. Allen, who has said he "bleeds blue," did not speak at the hearing Thursday. If he played in Georgia he would pay state income tax of 6 percent; in North Carolina, the state tab is 7.75 percent. In Tennessee, $7,500.
The Grizzlies ownership opposes killing the jock tax because the revenue is passed through to them. Jason Wexler represented the ownership group at the hearing. He told the Flyer the tax brings about $1.1 million a year to Memphis.
"We use it to recruit events to FedEx Forum," he said. "Memphis is a good market but not a must-play market. We get about ten concerts a year."
"It's working," he added. "It's an effective incentive tool."
Not because the adults are dumb but because school knowledge and test-taking skill are not the same as being a successful functioning member of society. Are you smarter than a fifth-grader? The answer is probably yes and no.
As you probably know by now if you are reading this, the TCAP scores for the six schools in the Achievement School District came out Wednesday. Five of the schools are in Memphis. Students improved in science and math, but the number of students deemed proficient in reading dropped by 4.5 percent to just 13.6 percent overall.
"It's the first year the kids have been held to a higher standard, and I think we need to continue to give the ASD our support," said school board member Dr. Jeff Warren.
Said board member Kenneth Whalum Jr., "The fact that some TCAP testing areas show improvement among ASD students proves that student achievement isn't rocket science. Focused attention, additional resources, smaller class sizes, and parental involvement usually enhance a poor student's ability to perform well in school. It also shows that "teaching to the test" works well. The fact that the Reading scores are down, as I understand it, proves that there is no guarantee that a child's comprehension skills are bettered by any measure aside from improving the home life of the child, as home is where
communication skills are honed."
I agree with both of these gentlemen.
The ability to read can't be faked, at least not on a standardized test. Most kids from reasonably well-to-do families learn to do it before they are in the third grade, with lots of help from family members. Kids who can't read a lick by then are screwed, and so is the teacher whose job rating depends on making them "proficient". My first job was teaching reading in Nashville, using flash cards, menus, road signs, and a baby book about "Cowboy Bob" to try to teach embarrassed teenagers how to read. Despite having the smallest classes in the school, I would not have made the ASD cut by a mile. Such is the road to journalism.
Basic literacy might not be enough to achieve "proficiency" because reading comprehension questions about random passages can be baffling and prompt a "don't have a clue" reaction. Reading for survival, entertainment, and spiritual sustenance has little relationship to the goofy questions that show up on tests and compare-and-contrast theme assignments.
Math is a code. If you have a fourth-grader or have ever been one, you know the tipping point is simple fractions, percentages, and relationships. Give Archimedes a lever and a place to stand he could move the world. Give a teacher a pizza, a pizza cutter, and a reasonable class size and he/she can move the scores. If you don't know what one-fourth means, much less that it is the same as 25 percent, you're screwed. Algebra? Bet there are plenty of college-educated business professionals who would flunk Algebra I today if they haven't been in a classroom in decades.
Science, I suspect, is a statistical outlier because it is rarely if ever taught at all in some failing schools, so any exposure at all, combined with practice testing, is likely to increase test scores.
So give the ASD some slack, and I hope the ASD gives its teachers some slack too, because longer hours and higher demands and drill and kill are going to turn classrooms into "sweat shops" as Kriner Cash said and drive them out of teaching, where most of them are badly needed.
Wharton called reporters to City Hall for a comparison-making session that he admitted was not unlike the athletic director who calls a press conference to announce support for the football coach — which is often the kiss of death. He said his first reaction was that the comparison "is so inept that I am not going to dignify it by responding," but respond he did.
"They need to hear that we do recognize our challenges and are going to meet them head on," he said. "They need to hear that from me."
He produced a chart showing that the Memphis city pension plan is nearly 75 percent funded, with more than $2 billion in the bank. Memphis, he said, has roughly half as many city employees for close to the same population, and a budget approximately one fifth as large. Memphis has a more diverse economy. The "key difference" he said is "there is no denial in this city" that there are financial challenges even during the heat of council debate over the budget. As for the state comptroller's letter, "we had started down that path even before that without any warning or threats that said we have to change some things in the pension situation."
Wharton opened the session with some comments about Trayvon Martin.
"I have six sons and four grandsons and have been in courtrooms a good part of my life, so for me it wasn't just can you comment on something on a tv screen," he said.
He said he is "glad folks are going to rally" for a "noble cause, that is to ask for some redress."
Barbic wrote a column for The Commercial Appeal Friday in which he let the cat out of the bag and confirmed what some teachers have been saying for a couple weeks — the state-run ASD schools (education jargon for failing schools) got mixed results.
"Not all is rosy. Our kids are far behind in reading and we need to catch them up. There are bright spots in reading — for example, students at Gordon Science and Arts Academy grew nearly three grade levels this year. But overall our students' reading scores dipped."
There was no accompanying news story on school-by-school TCAP scores, which Barbic wrote will be released the week of July 22nd. In an email to the Flyer earlier this week, Kelli Gauthier, director of communications for the Tennessee Department of Education, said the scores would be released next week. The statewide TCAP results have been released and can be found here.
The ASD has set a high bar for itself — to move the lowest-performing schools to the top 25 percent in five years. Teachers, especially those who lost their jobs because they were deemed mediocre or worse in raising student test scores, will be watching closely.
To its credit, the ASD has not cherry-picked students or schools — just the opposite. But raising test scores across the board in all subjects is, as Barbic wrote, "incredibly difficult work" because low-scoring students can pull down the average.
Veteran teachers are likely to say something like "welcome to my world."
The population of Memphis has increased since 2010. This doesn’t necessarily mean there are more taxpayers, but population is the most basic measurement of a city’s health. The increase rebuts to some extent the contention of some Memphis City Council members that Memphians are “voting with their taillights.” A U.S. Census report that came out in May says Memphis is the 20th largest city in the country and its population has grown by more than 7500 people since 2010. The report says the population of Memphis grew from 647,612 in 2010 to 655,155 in July, 2012. The population of Shelby County increased from 928,792 to 940,764 during the same period.
More people (51 percent) are working in Memphis and living elsewhere than living in Memphis and working there (49 percent). This means Memphis does not get the benefit of their property taxes, the biggest contributor to the tax base.
DeSoto County has the opposite situation. Most people (68 percent) live in the county and work somewhere else (32 percent).
From a tax standpoint, the cost of living is lower in Shelby County than in DeSoto County. A family with $100,000 of household income pays $25,956 in taxes in Memphis and $31,534 in Southaven. Property taxes are higher in Memphis, but the Mississippi state income tax ($4,850) and vehicle registration fee ($2,908 on a $40,000 vehicle) offsets that.
Most people and businesses pay their taxes. The collection rate for the last six years ranges from 92 percent to 94 percent.
More property owners who appealed to the Board of Equalization got a reduction (24,001) than an increase (9,787) in the last 12 months. Owners can do this themselves or hire a professional tax representative. In many cases, a reduction will be offered by letter and the property owner does not have to personally appear.
Collections estimates are “conservative” so elected officials, like corporations and their earnings estimates, can beat them, Lenoir said. In other words, the county will take in a little more and refund a little less than it estimates.
The housing market is improving. There have been 5,767 sales in 2013 compared to 5,332 in 2012.
The suburbs, soon to have their own school systems, are where the money is in home ownership, and it’s not even close. The median sales price in Shelby County is $89,900, in Germantown $275,253, in Collierville $269,200, in Arlington $210,000, in Bartlett $150,000, in Lakeland $220,000. Only Millington lags, at $68,000.
"Coming Soon! All New Buffet Experience" say the signs outside of the erstwhile Paula Deen's Buffet on the second floor of the casino.
Gone are the Paula Deen lifesize cutouts in the lobby, the Life-of-Paula photo collage next to the cash register, and most of the branded merchandise in the gift shop. Signs say all such merchandise is 50 percent off, but the markdowns were more than that last week on the cookware and relatively high-end stuff, according to employees.
I snagged a pink t-shirt, modeled here by Flyer colleague Bianca Phillips, for $9.99 and a pair of refrigerator magnets for a dime each (formerly $5) featuring Paula's sons Bobby and Jamie who, unlike most of Paula's corporate partners, defended her during the storm.
"Neither one of our parents ever taught us to be bigoted toward any other person for any reason," Bobby Deen told CNN's "New Day" in an exclusive interview with Chris Cuomo.
"Our mother is one of the most compassionate, good-hearted, empathetic people that you'd ever meet," he added. "These accusations are very hurtful to her, and it's very sad."
Harrah's Tunica spokesman Patrick Collins said "We have no news to report on the buffet at this time."
The 560-seat no-name buffet is still open and serving Deen's southern-style cooking and signs on the road to the casino still tout the Paula Deen Buffet as an attraction. At lunch hour Monday, the buffet was nearly deserted and some of the shelves in the gift shop had been stripped bare.
Caesar's Entertainment, the casino's parent company, announced on June 26th, the day Deen appeared on the "Today" show and five days after the story broke, that it was ending the relationship by "mutual agreement." But no details were disclosed, and employees said they did not know what would replace the Paula Deen Buffet, a fixture in the casino since 2008.
The Wall Street Journal reported last week that Deen has hired a new legal team to defend her in the racial and sexual harassment lawsuit. She has also parted ways with her agent who was head of media strategy for Paula Deen Enterprises.
If the answer is "not much" or "finding myself" or "I'd rather forget" you have lots of company. An outfit called Roadtrip Nation is in its 12th year of crossing America in a green and blue RV to document the stories of stumbles, false starts, failures of nerve, and other misfortunes on the road to success or, at least, something close to it.
The Roadtrip Nation RV was in Memphis Friday after overnighting on a side street at the south end of downtown. Its five occupants include a producer for public television, a camera guy, and three 18-to-22-year-old "roadtrippers" who do the interviews. Memphis was only a stop along the way on this summer's trip, but the door of the RV was open and Dan Ford, the producer, was inside poring over a map of the United States while his team went out for coffee.
The group set out from San Francisco three weeks ago and has stopped in Los Angeles, Phoenix, Taos, Dallas, and New Orleans enroute to St. Louis and points north and east for the next four weeks. They preschedule some interviews in each and wing it on others. The University of Phoenix, a for-profit network of online courses and operations in several cities including Memphis, is a key sponsor.
The idea is that by showing how other people came to grips with their failures and uncertainty, people watching Roadtrip Nation on PBS or using its curriculum in high school or college will take heart and find their own selves and their own definition of success.
"You see where people are at now but you don't see the hard and winding path to get there," said Ford, 29, in his seventh year with the project. "You have to fail to keep moving forward."
The inside of the RV was comfortable but not plush. Olivia ZanFardino, the only woman in the group, does most of the driving. So far she's accident free.
In New Orleans, the team interviewed a chef and an urban designer. Several of the interviewees over the years did not go to college, dropped out or changed careers in mid-life. "Renegade engineers" are especially commonplace, the crew said.
There are others who found their calling early, like the guy they met in Louisiana who wrestles alligators.
"He jumped right in the water to give us a demonstration," said ZanFardino. "The alligator looked like it was scared of him, like it knew this guy is not to be messed with. He told us he had been doing it since he was ten years old."
Memphis station WKNO does not broadcast the program but it can be viewed online.