Thursday, March 5, 2020

Former SS Nazi Guard Deported by Memphis Judge

Posted By on Thu, Mar 5, 2020 at 12:24 PM

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A Tennessee resident who was a former Nazi SS guard during WWII has been sent back to Germany by a U.S. immigration judge in Memphis.

U.S. Immigration Judge Rebecca Holt ruled that Friedrich Karl Berger, a German citizen, should be deported to Germany, according to the U.S. Department of Justice. Though Berger's two-day trial took place in Memphis, court documents did not include the Tennessee city where Berger resided.   

The court ruled that Berger was removable under the 1978 Holtzman Amendment to the Immigration and Nationality Act because of Berger’s contribution to Nazi persecution and his “willing service as an armed guard of prisoners at a concentration camp where persecution took place.”

The court found that Berger served as guard at a Neuengamme concentration camp near Meppen, Germany, where prisoners were held in “atrocious conditions, exploited for outdoor forced labor, and working to the point of exhaustion and death.”

Further, Berger admitted to the court that he guarded prisoners to prevent them from escaping.

Guards and prisoners at a Neuengamme Concentration Camp. - HOLOCAUST RESEARCH PROJECT
  • Holocaust Research Project
  • Guards and prisoners at a Neuengamme Concentration Camp.

In March 1945, when the Nazis abandoned Meppen, Berger was found to have guarded prisoners on a “forcible evacuation” to another camp. The evacuation was a nearly two-week trip, in which approximately 70 prisoners died, according to the court.

Finally, the court found that Berger is still receiving a pension from Germany for his “wartime service.”

Berger was part of the SS machinery of oppression that kept concentration camp prisoners in atrocious conditions of confinement,” said Brian Benczkowski, Assistant Attorney General for DOJ's criminal division.”

According to the DOJ, since it began efforts to investigate and remove Nazi prosecutors in 1979, it has successfully removed 109 individuals from the country.

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